Peritoneal mesothelioma is one of the rarest types of cancers that attacks the lining of the abdomen also referred as peritoneum. Most of us are aware that malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPM) is a fatal disease affecting about 20 to 30 % of mesothelioma cases. It was described first by Miller and Wynn in 1908. According to the figures, in the past two decades, cases of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma cancer have been increased than ever before.
In peritoneal mesothelioma, the malignant cell is located in a human’s abdominal lining and thus MPM can be referred to as abdominal mesothelioma. Though, the most common term for describing this type of cancer is peritoneal mesothelioma.
The main cause of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma or abdomen mesothelioma in humans is asbestos fibers. Asbestos is normally the most commonly used roofing materials as it is not only cheaper but is even easy to fix on a roof. Exposure to asbestos contributed to almost 70 to 80 percent of mesothelioma abdomen and lung cancer. People come into contact with asbestos fibers when they ingest or inhale these fibers. Thus asbestos inhalation increases the risk to develop asbestos-related diseases, most significantly mesothelioma.
Asbestos was entirely banned in the UK as it was recognized to have serious health hazards, and it is now accountable for about 4000 deaths every year and many cases of severe disease. People who are at high risk of developing asbestos-related diseases are all those whose work gets them into direct contact with asbestos fibers like construction workers, builders, roofers, mechanics, and demolition workers. Along with mesothelioma cancer, asbestos exposure also increases the risk of other health problems like asbestosis which is a chronic lung ailment, and other types of cancer that include kidney and larynx cancer.
Let us have a look at symptoms of malignant abdominal mesothelioma. It can take a long period of time for cancer to show the signs and symptoms; sometimes it may even take up to 30 years, between exposure to asbestos fibers and beginning of the disease. The most common signs and symptoms o the cancer are abdominal swelling, abdominal pain, anemia, abnormal weight loss, fatigue, vomiting, and nausea. Abdominal swelling and pain usually result from fluid accumulation in the patient’s abdominal cavity. Other than these symptoms, people easily catch ever when the cancer begins to surface and show its symptoms. Among all the above-stated symptoms, abdominal pain is the most frequent and most common systems of abdominal mesothelioma.
Diagnosis of abdominal mesothelioma is a very difficult task as till now there are no specific symptoms that can differentiate the disease and diagnose the stages of development of deadly cancer tumor cells. If necessary, TNM staging system is normally used to detect the cancer stages. Other than this, Serum mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) which is a potentially useful serum marker used to analyze and to follow-up the cancer progression. Computer tomography (CT) can be a useful tool in detection as well as characterization of peritoneal mass.
Malignant abdominal Mesothelioma is a deadly neoplasm. A malignant abdominal mesothelioma diagnosis is hard to perform as the symptoms take a long time to surface. Early diagnosis is most important in peritoneal mesothelioma cancer treatment since the cancer cells normally spread very rapidly.
Abdominal Mesothelioma is regarded as one of the most dangerous cancer among other types. However, it can be prevented from occurring to you as well as your family, by taking proper precautions and care. While precautions are always a better options, there is also a provision to file a lawsuit or compensation if you or your family member is detected with such a deadly disease. you can hire a lawyer, who will present your case in court to get you the compensation money.